A drill press, also referred to as a bench drill, pillar drill, or pedistal drill, is a style of fixed drill and is typically mounted to a shop floor or workbench. Drill presses consist of a base, column, height-varient table, spindle, chuck, and drill head. The tooling on a drill press is nearly always electrically powered, whereas the vertical movement, or press movement, is hand powered using a three-handled wheel on the head of the machine. This wheel allows for a mechanical advantage over a handheld drill; the operator can apply more force with less effort as well as maintain precision.
A drill press is typically categorized by horsepower, its variable speed (rmp) abilies, or its swing. Swing is twice the distance from the center of the chuck to the closest edge of the column. For example, a tool with 3 inches between the chuck center and column edge is considered a 6 inch drill press.